The Many Faces of PCC 2168

Philadelphia Transportation Co. 2168 is seen working southbound along Route 47 on 6th Street in June 1967 (Jim Golhopher photo).

Today she’s a gleaming museum exhibit in Baltimore, resplendent in a beautiful recreation of SEPTA’s 1970s “Gulf Oil” paint scheme. But Philadelphia PCC car 2168 has had a long and colorful history — and more than one distinctive livery over the years.

Step aboard for a photographic trip through time on one of our favorite machines:

Less than a decade old, 2168 is seen at 17th & Lehigh, on Route 21 in 1956. This is the oldest photo we have seen of the car so far (ECTM collection).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It’s the banana car! 2168 is seen at Luzerne in March 1973, fresh from Courtland Shops in the short-lived yellow livery (Harry Donahue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We know not everyone loves the GOH scheme (though some of us do!) but we would be remiss if we didn’t show you a photo of 2168 wearing it. Harry Donahue captured the car northbound at 11th and Market in April 1987.

Yet another paint scheme! Here is Harry Donahue with the car in May 1995 when SEPTA’s Welcome Line service debuted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

That Welcome Line paint scheme didn’t take long to fade, unfortunately. Here we see Matt Nawn with the car at Elmwood on the occasion of a 50th anniversary charter in July 1998.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ten years later, a much different scene. Here is 2168 at the Baltimore Streetcar Museum during Crab Fest in July 2008. The exterior restoration had only just begun, but this marked the car’s first operation at BSM after re-gauging (Harry Donahue).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And here is 2168 as we know her today. Donations from FPT members, together with the time and expertise, have transformed the car into a gorgeous museum piece that will help tell the story of Philadelphia trolleys for generations to come (Roger DuPuis).

Help FPT support restoration of a 1923 Philadelphia trolley

Pennsylvania Trolley Museum Executive Director Scott Becker, left, accepts a donation check from Friends of Philadelphia Trolleys Director Harry Donahue. Looking on are PTM’s Bruce Wells, second from left, and FPT Director Bill Monaghan, far right. (Jack Demnyan photo.)

Restoration of a classic Philadelphia “80 hundred” streetcar is set to get underway, and you can help Friends of Philadelphia Trolleys support this worthy project.

Built by J.G. Brill in 1923, car 8042 has been on display at the Pennsylvania Trolley Museum in Washington County, Pa., since 2005.

The museum’s Board of Trustees has approved moving ahead with front platform work this fall. Designated Phase I of the 8042 project, the effort will require approximately $40,000. Thanks to individual contributions, PTM has raised $33,000 — donated or pledged — toward the work.

During Washington County Fair Week in August, FPT Directors Bill Monaghan and Harry Donahue presented PTM Executive Director Scott Becker with a $3,000 grant for 8042 through the WCCF Gives program. That will enable FPT’s donation to be matched under the county’s program, as also was done with FPT’s 2016 grant.

Anyone interested in contributing can download FPT’s 8042 campaign flyer here, or contact FPT’s leadership online through this website.

About 8042

Car 8042 was one of 535 “Peter Witt” style cars built for the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Co. (PRT)
in three orders between 1923 and 1926. It was delivered by the J.G. Brill Company to PRT in September, 1923. Initially used in South Philadelphia on routes 29, 63 and 64, by the late 1930s, car 8042 was working out of the Willow Grove Depot on routes 6 and 55, both important feeders to the Broad Street Subway.

PTC car 8042 is seen westbound at 30th Street on Subway-Surface Route 10 in the early 1950s, before the Market Street tunnel was extended under the Schuylkill River. (Courtesy Harry Donahue.)

But change was in the wind. On Jan. 1, 1940, PRT, which had been in receivership for several years, was reorganized into the Philadelphia Transportation Company (PTC). In an effort to create a more modern image for PTC, the management began an overhaul program for the “eighty hundreds,” as the 8000s were called in Philadelphia.

The cars were equipped with new herringbone gears and braking systems, leather seats, improved interior lighting and a brighter green and cream paint scheme. Imitating the system’s new PCC cars, PTC added a set of painted headlight wings and for publicity purposes, dubbed the rebuilt cars “Paintliners.” The plan was to overhaul all 535 cars, but stopped when the U.S. entered World War II, as PTC’s shops increasingly had to concentrate on overhauling many older cars — which had been in storage for years — to meet anticipated wartime traffic demands.

In the end, about 270 of the “eighty hundreds” were rebuilt, and PTC referred to this class of cars as Single End Rebuilt (SER).

SER 8042 was assigned to Callowhill Depot when it came out of Kensington shops in September 1941, where it was used mainly on Subway-Surface routes 10 and 38. When the SER class was displaced in the subway by PCC cars in September 1955, car 8042 was transferred to Southern Depot for continued use on routes 17 and 32, the last non-PCC trolley lines in Philadelphia.

In March 1957, the car received a complete exterior re-paint, thanks to a political battle between the city and PTC, which was by then under the control of pro-bus National City Lines.

Philadelphia Mayor Richardson Dilworth had demanded that Douglas Pratt, whom National City Lines had brought north from the Baltimore Transit Company, soon after taking control of PTC, “do something about the appearance of those old trolleys on Market Street.”

Pratt — who had been installed as president of PTC, and was in the process of eliminating 33 trolley lines in 31 months (1955-58) — actually ordered that 15 of the 58 SER cars at Southern Depot be completely painted, of which 8042 was one.

The car’s salvation came about partly thanks to an amusing incident soon afterward.

In April 1957, a group of railfans chartered 8042 for a fan trip. The group was specifically told not to
travel west of 17th Street on westbound Susquehanna Avenue as the power had been cut. They did just that, however, and 8042 coasted to the first railroad underpass and waited for a tower truck to come to its rescue. The truck towed 8042 to the closest PTC depot —  Ridge, where a number of 8000s had been stored.

Routes 17 and 32, the last Market Street trolley lines, were converted to bus in December 1957, but a number of cars were kept at Ridge into 1958 on the slight chance that the city or the Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission would rule that the trolleys should be restored to operation. Indeed, there was some political pressure to bring them back on Chestnut and Walnut Streets, but to no avail.

In March 1958, three cars were sold. Car 8530 went to a private family in central Pennsylvania, where it still resides. Cars 8042 and 8534, meanwhile, were sold to Bob Borzell and Earl Johnston, who were connected with a fledgling trolley museum in Tansboro, N.J. The two cars were moved to Tansboro, where car 8042 ran under its own power in June 1970 at Tansboro with the late Ed Torpey at the controls.

Sadly, the museum in Tansboro faltered and the collection was moved to Buckingham, Pa., under the name of Buckingham Valley Trolley Association. In the early 1980s, the collection moved again, this time to Penn’s Landing in Philadelphia.

From Penn’s Landing, 8042 and the BVTA collection went to Scranton, where several of the cars run
today as part of the Electric City Trolley Museum.

In 2005, the Electric City group offered 8042 to the Pennsylvania Trolley Museum. This has proven to be an excellent decision since both 8042 and PTM are broad gauge, thus avoiding the huge expense of regauging the car’s maximum traction trucks.

PTM boasts a collection of nearly 50 cars — including a rich assembly of Philadelphia-area trolleys — with more than 600 members worldwide, 150 active volunteers, and over 30,000 visitors each year.

Restoration plans

The plan is to move 8042 into the shop this Fall and to completely rebuild the front platform from its knees to its bonnet. This will include new corner and center posts, platform sidewall and operating equipment.

Keith Bray, who has done a number of beautiful restorations at several of trolley museums in the Northeast, will lead the project, along with volunteers to complete the restoration.

Phase II of the project will include the roof work. Thanks to earlier FPT donations, the new canvas and the roof ventilators have already been purchased.

Phase III will include a new interior headliner, and new doors.

Editor’s Note: Our sincerest thanks go to Ed Springer, Ed Casey and David Horwitz for providing
information on the car’s history, which previously appeared in the Spring 2016 issue of The Streamliner, FPT’s newsletter.

Philly cream cheese trolley spreads joy in San Francisco

MUNI 1060 (ex-SEPTA 2715) recently returned to service after rebuilding and 1,000 miles of “burn in” operation. (Jeremy Whiteman photo.)

By Roger DuPuis II

One of Philadelphia’s lost transit treasures continues to serve the public nearly 3,000 miles away.

Ex-SEPTA PCC car 2715, now numbered 1060, recently returned to service for the San Francisco Municipal Railway after a 1,000-mile burn-in following complete rebuilding by the Brookville Equipment Corp. in Pennsylvania.

Car 2715 was delivered to the Philadelphia Transportation Co. in February 1947, one of 25 Westinghouse-equipped cars (2701-2725) that were among the first 100 postwar all-electric PCCs built for PTC by the St. Louis Car Co.  (Sisters 2726-2800 were GE-equipped vehicles).

The car would make history in 1979, when PTC successor SEPTA chose it to be the pilot vehicle for a new overhaul program. Sporting the new red, white and blue livery applied to SEPTA’s trolleys and buses, 2715 would serve in that guise for only eight years, after which it was retired. In 1992, it was among a group sold to San Francisco for use on the city’s F-Market line.

The F-Market line opened to the public in September 1995, and continues to operate using vintage trolley cars from around the world. Among them are 13 ex-SEPTA PCCs, including car 1060, wearing tribute liveries representing North American cities that operated PCC cars.

SEPTA PCC 2715 is seen at 10th and Erie in 1985 as a Route 56 pull-out car. (Harry Donahue photo).

As the Market Street Railway’s 1060 page explains, the car initially entered service in San Francisco in 1995 wearing former Newark, N.J. colors. Following an accident in 2002, the car was rebuilt and repainted in an interpretation of the silver, cream and blue colors worn by Philadelphia Rapid Transit Co.’s first PCC cars in 1938. The resemblance to Kraft’s famous cream cheese boxes earned the car its new nickname.

Initially rehabilitated by Morrison-Knudsen for use in San Francisco, the ex-Philadelphia cars are in the process of undergoing second rehabs by Brookville, located in western Pennsylvania.

Brookville also was the contractor chosen to rebuild 18 PCC car shells with new propulsion, interiors, air conditioning and wheelchair lifts for SEPTA in the early 2000s. Dubbed PCC-II cars, they continue to serve Philadelphians on Route 15-Girard.

The rebuilt San Francisco cars, meanwhile, are being outshopped with fittings and equipment that are much closer in design to their original 1940s configuration.

For more on Philadelphia’s much-travelled postwar PCC cars, see: